The Alberta Stroke program Early (non contrast) CT score (ASPECT) scoring system is used to assess the extent of early ischaemic changes in the middle cerebral artery territory on non-contrast computed tomography by studying the appearance at two different axial slices corresponding with two different levels and one subtracts 1 from total of 10 for each area affected. A score of 0 suggests extensive MCA infarction and correlates inversely with NIHSS. A score of 10 is normal. An ASPECTS score less than or equal to 7 predicts a worse functional outcome at 3 months as well as symptomatic haemorrhage.
|Online training and more information is available from link|
|NB:Basically the higher the ASPECTs score the better the prognosis. High scores such as 10 are normal and low scores < 5 suggests evolved ischaemic changes.|
|A normal CT scan has an ASPECTS of 10 points. One point is subtracted for ischaemic changes in each region of the MCA territory.|
|Lentiform nucleus level / Subcortical Structures|
|M1 Anterior MCA cortex (Frontal operculum)||-1|
|M2 MCA cortex lateral to the insular ribbon (Anterior temporal lobe)||-1|
|M3 Posterior MCA cortex (Posterior temporal lobe)||-1|
|Caudate nucleus (C)||-1|
|Internal capsule any part (IC)||-1|
|Insular ribbon/cortex (I)||-1|
|Centrum semiovale level|
|M4 (Anterior)superior to M1||-1|
|M5 (Lateral)superior to M2||-1|
|M6 (Posterior) superior to M3||-1|
|Total ASPECTS Score.||?/10|
The ASPECTS score has some clinical correlation. A normal brain has a score of 10 and as more areas are affected the score falls. A full MCA territory infarct with CT changes would have a score of 0. A sharp increase in dependence and death occurs with an ASPECTS of 7 or less. A common misunderstanding of ASPECTS scoring is to assess only two standardised cuts, i.e. one ganglionic cut through the thalamus and one supraganglionic cut above this. Be sure to include the assessment of all axial cuts of the brain NCCT scan. The ASPECT score is not needed prior to thrombolysis but it does give an element of quantitative rigor to assessing the CT analysis and may be mentioned in any discussion with a stroke physician so useful to have heard of it. The aspects does not incorporate ACA and PCA territories but adjacent infarcts may well have clinical implications.
The ASPECTs scoring system has been utilised in many ways. It has been used to prognosticate for example the score is a strong predictor of functional outcome. It has also been used to direct therapies. The effectiveness of intra-arterial thrombolysis in patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion shows effect modification by the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score. Those with a low ASPECTS score suggesting large MCA infarction can be excluded from futile intra-arterial treatments which are unlikely to result in patient functional independence and increases the risk of haemorrhage.
Aspects Cross section
References and reading
- Use of the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) for Assessing CT Scans in Patients with Acute Stroke
- Barber PA1, Demchuk AM, Zhang J, Buchan AM. Validity and reliability of a quantitative computed tomography score in predicting outcome of hyperacute stroke before thrombolytic therapy. ASPECTS Study Group. Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score. Lancet. 2000 May 13;355(9216):1670-4.
- The official ASPECTS score website
Last updated: 18/11/2018
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